(DD-515; dp 2050: L 376'5"; b 39'7" dr. 17' 9";s. 35 k ; cpl 329 : a 5 5", 10 21" TT cl Fletcher)

The second Anthony (DD-515) was launched 20 December 1942 Bath Iron Works Corp, Bath, Maine: sponsored by Misses Alice and Frances Anthony; and commissioned 26 February 1943, Lieutenant B. Van Mater in command.

Anthony steamed to the Pacific in May 1943. The following months were spent in training and escort duty out of Pearl Harbor. On 1 November 1943 she provided fire support at the landing at Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville, as flagship of Destroyer Division 90. A week later Anthony helped defend transports carrying reinforcements against a very strong Japanese air attack, shooting down several planes. For the next few months the ship conveyed transports and supply ships in the Solomon Islands; conducted anti-shipping sweeps; and took part in the bombardment of Rabaul, New Britain (24 February 1944) Anthony furnished fire support for the landings on Green (15-19 February 1944) Emirau Islands (20 March) Saipan (14 June-8 July), Guam (12 July-9 August;, and Tinian (24 July). During the Battle of the Philippine Sea (19-20 June 1944) she rescued several carrier pilots who had run out of gasoline returning from strikes against the Japanese fleet.

During August-October 1944 she had convoy duty, followed by an overhaul at San Francisco (October-December ) . In January she returned to the Western Pacific to take part in the invasions of Iwo Jima (19 February 6 March 1945) and Okinawa. During 1 April-24 June 1945 Anthony served as a radar picket off Okinawa, and helped repel five heavy air attacks, with only slight damage on 26 May and 7 June 1945. Following her Okinawa service Anthony Joined TF 95 in sweeps along the China coast during July and August She entered Nagasaki, Japan, 14 September and remained in Japanese waters until 17 November 1945. Anthony returned to Charleston, S. C., and was placed out of commission in reserve 17 April 1946. She remained in "mothballs" until 29 April 1947 when she was transferred to Commandant, 6th Naval District for modernization and repair preparatory to transfer to Germany. On 17 January 1948 the transfer was effected and she was renamed Z-1.

Anthony received seven battle stars for her wartime exploits and the Navy Unit Commendation for her service at Okinawa (1-19 April and 19-24 June 1945).