Haze Gray Photo Feature
Soviet & Russian Navy
'TYPHOON' Class Ballistic Missile Submarines
A 'TYPHOON' class (Project 941 "Akula") ballistic missile submarine.
The 'TYPHOON' class subs are by far the world's largest; they displace at
least 33,800 tons, but some reports place the true figure at over 40,000
tons. These gigantic boats were apparently intended for a post-nuclear
war role - they would go to sea prior to the outbreak of war, hide under
the Arctic ice during the initial nuclear exchange, and surface through
the ice to launch follow-up attacks. This mission required extremely
long endurance, which in turn forced construction of very large
submarines to provide the necessary crew habitability and stores. The
boats carried 20 SS-N-20 SLBMs in tubes forward of the sail - a unique
configuration. The hull was made up of two side-by-side cylindrical
pressure hulls enclosed within the outer skin, plus three smaller
pressure vessels - one for the torpedo tubes, one at the base of the sail
for the control room, and one aft for steering gear. 6 'TYPHOON' class
boats were built, but all are now out of service; most are being scrapped
with US assistance, but one or two may be retained for refit with the
not-yet-operational SS-N-28 SLBM.
Another view of a 'TYPHOON' class SSBN.
The rounded lower section of the sail is in fact the upper half of a small
pressure hull housing the control room.
A 'TYPHOON' at sea.
A stern view of a 'TYPHOON'.
This was the first published photo of a 'TYPHOON'.
A 'TYPHOON' class stern quarter view.
An overhead view of a 'TYPHOON'.
A broadside view of a 'TYPHOON'.
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