Haze Gray Photo Feature
Soviet & Russian Navy
Special Purpose Submarines
A GOLF II SSQ conversion of a Project 628 'GOLF II' class
ballistic missile submarine.
The 'GOLF' was a diesel-electric ballistic missile submarine built from
the 'FOXTROT' hull. Following retirement from strategic service, several
boats were converted to communications relay vessels, given the NATO
A Project 940 'INDIA' class salvage and rescue submarine.
The two boats of this type were built to rescue crews from sunken submarines.
The massive casing abaft the sail houses two rescue submersibles, similar to
the US DSRVs, in 'docking wells'. In this view the wells have been
plated over for transit to the Pacific Fleet. Both 'INDIA' class boats
were laid up in reserve by 1990, and were discarded circa 1995.
Another view of an 'INDIA' class submarine, taken at the same time as
the previous photo. This photo is a bit sharper and has better
contrast, but is not as large.
An overhead view of an 'INDIA', showing the rescue submersibles in their
A broadside view of an 'INDIA' with submersibles aboard.
A closeup of an 'INDIA' with submersibles.
Another view of an 'INDIA'.
SS-533, the Project 1710 "Mackrel" 'BELUGA' class experimental
submarine, with a 'FOXTROT' class submarine behind, at Sevastopol, 8/1995.
The 'BELUGA' is an experimental submarine, with a hull shape similar to
the 'ALFA' class, but smaller.
The sole Project 1840 'LIMA' class submarine, BS-555.
The 'LIMA' was an experimental diesel-electric submarine whose exact
purpose remains unknown. The boat was completed in 1979; she was brought
to St. Petersburg for overhaul in 1989, but the work was never completed
and she was abandoned.
A modified Project 633 'ROMEO' class submarine and a Project 613
'WHISKEY' class boat.
The modified 'ROMEO', whose existence was first noted in 1991, was fitted
with a massive structure atop the bow. This structure housed two tubes
for the test-firing of missiles or torpedoes, but the exact nature of the
tests remains unknown.
A midget submarine at Sevastopol, 8/1995.
A midget sub of unknown type hauled out on the pier.
Midget submarine closeup, Sevastopol, 8/1995.
Two midgets on the pier.
Entrance to the Sevastopol submarine pens, Balaclava, 8/1995.
The pens are said to hold up to 30 submarines. The Black Sea is 1/4
mile to the left.
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