Haze Gray Photo Feature
Soviet & Russian Navy
Ballistic Missile Submarines
A 'GOLF I' (Project 628) class ballistic missile submarine at sea.
The 'GOLF' class was the first purpose-built Soviet ballistic missile boats,
although several 'ZULU' class attack subs were converted to an
improvised ballistic missile configuration. The 'GOLF' design was
itself adapted from the 'WHISKEY' class attack subs, using many of the
same hull sections and
components. The 'GOLF' class carried three SS-N-4 SLBMs an an extended
sail structure. The SS-N-4 could only be fired by a surface submarine,
and required a time-consuming pre-launch setup period.
A 'GOLF II" (Project 629M) class SSB.
The 'GOLF II" class boats were converted from the 'GOLF I' class,
receiving the new SS-N-5 missile in place of the SS-N-4. The SS-N-5
could be launched while submerged.
A closeup of a SS-N-5 tube aboard a 'GOLF II'.
A 'GOLF II' at sea.
A 'HOTEL I' (Project 658) class SSBN at sea.
'HOTEL I' was the nuclear-powered contemporary of the 'GOLF I', using
the 'NOVEMBER' class SSN as a starting point. Like the 'GOLF I', they
carried three surface-launched SS-N-4 in an extended sail.
A 'HOTEL II' (Project 658M) underway.
These boats were converted from the 'HOTEL I' class, receiving the SS-N-5
SLBM and submerged-launch capability.
A 'YANKEE' class (Project 667A "Navaga/Nalim") ballistic
The 'YANKEEs' were the first Soviet ballistic missile submarines
designed for surface-launched missiles; they carried 16 SS-N-6 SLBMs
abaft the sail, much like US SSBNs.
'YANKEE' class submarine K-219 adrift in the Atlantic, 600 miles from
Bermuda, following an accidental explosion in a missile tube.
This was the second time K-219 suffered a missile accident, and she
did not survive the experience, sinking on 6 October 1986.
A 'DELTA I' class (Project 667B "Murena") ballistic missile
The 'DELTA I' was essentially a 'YANKEE' hull with 12 SS-N-8 SLBMs fitted
in place of the previous 16 SS-N-6. The SS-N-8 allowed the submarines to
launch at US targets from Soviet waters, where the boats could be better
A 'DELTA I' showing the distinctive "hump" necessary to accommodate the
An overhead view of a 'DELTA I'.
A stern quarter view of a 'DELTA I'.
The "double step" between the missile "hump" and the aft deck is a
distinctive feature of the 'DELTA I'.
An overhead broadside view of a 'DELTA I'.
Another view of a 'DELTA I'.
A 'DELTA II' (Project 667BD "Murena-M" at sea.
The 'DELTA II' was a lengthened version of the 'DELTA I', with four more
SS-N-8; the profile of the "hump" was also somewhat altered.
An overhead view of a 'DELTA II'.
This view shows the better fairing of the "hump" into the hull.
An overhead view of a 'DELTA II' with masts raised.
A final view of the 'DELTA II" class.
A 'DELTA III' (Project 667BDR "Kalmar").
The 'DELTA III' incorporates the new SS-N-18 SLBM, requiring a taller "hump".
A stern view of a 'DELTA III', emphasizing the massive bulk of the
An overhead view of a 'DELTA III'.
The missile "hump" is free-flooding; note the numerous limber holes.
A closeup of a 'DELTA III' sail.
Another stern view of a 'DELTA III'.
A 'DELTA IV' (Project 667BDRM "Delfin").
'DELTA IV' has a new missile (SS-N-23), a new sonar suite,
and a redesigned stern. These boats are now Russia's primary SSBN force,
and likely will remain so for the forseeable future. Construction of
this class continued even after the gigantic 'TYPHOON' class was in service.
A bow closeup of a 'DELTA IV' on a cold day.
Stern quarter view of a 'DELTA IV'.
Overhead view of a 'DELTA IV', showing missile hatch arrangement.
Another stern quarter view of a 'DELTA IV' underway.
A 'DELTA IV' entering port.
Back to the Soviet & Russian Navy Main Page
Back to the Photo Galleries Main Page
This section of the HG&UW site created and maintained by
Copyright © 1998-2003, Andrew Toppan. All Rights Reserved.
Reproduction, reuse, or distribution without permission is prohibited.