Haze Gray Photo Feature
Soviet & Russian Navy
SSV-33, the sole Project 1941 "Titan" 'KAPUSTA' class command ship.
This gigantic ship, a 36,000 ton nuclear-powered command ship built on the
hull of a Kirov class cruiser, is one of the most unusual ships in
Soviet/Russian service. The ship serves the combined roles of fleet
flagship, space tracking ship, missile tracking ship, electronic
intelligence ship, and communications relay ship. Official designation is
Sudno Suyazyy, translated as communications vessel. The NATO name
'KAPUSTA' means 'cabbage', in reference to the giant dome on her forward
superstructure. The vessel is laid up in the Pacific fleet because her
operating costs cannot be afforded.
The sole Project 1859 multirole replenishment ship, Berezina, at
This is the largest Soviet/Russian replenishment ship, and
the only one really equivalent to Western AOR/AOE types. She can supply
fuels, munitions, stores, spares and repair service; equipped for UNREP,
VERTREP, and alongside (tender) transfer. Reportedly she may be sold or
Dubna class tanker Sventa at Sevastopol, 8/1995.
A merchant-design ship outfitted as a fleet oiler with some capability
for transfer of solid products in addition to liquids. This ship is now
(1998) in Ukranian hands.
Berezina at sea with a tug alongside.
An excellent view of a Project 1826 'BAL'ZAM' (Aziya) class
Sudno Svyazyy (SSV; Communications Vessel, i.e. electronic
This class was the first purpose-designed and -built surveillance ships.
Previous ships had been converted, mostly from large "factory" trawlers
and the like. At 4,900 tons, these ships are quite large and highly
An overhead view of a 'BAL'ZAM' class surveillance ship.
The Project 537 El'brus class submarine rescue, salvage and
This massive 14,300 ton ship and her sister Alagez are the world's
largest and most complex salvage ships. A third unit was not completed;
El'brus is now believed to be inactive. The ship features deep
submersible support, salvage pumps and equipment, firefighting
capability, an icebreaking hull, and four-point mooring gear. Although
lavishly equipped for at-sea salvage, these ships apparently have been
used mostly for alongside support duties. El'brus made only two
short deployments following her 1980 completion.
Marshal Nedelin, one of two Project 1914 missile range
instrumentation ships, at sea.
These ships were built starting in the early 1980's to replace older
missile range instrumentation ships, with the added role of space
tracking and communications. Only two ships, plus a civilian-manned
version of greatly modified design, were built. The ships probably are
not currently active, and the civilian unit was placed up for sale in 1992.
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