From: Dictionary of American Fighting Ships

After having been a territory first of Spain and then of Mexico and later an independent republic, Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state on 29 December 1845.

(IrcRam: l. 217'; b. 48'6"; dph. 13'; dr. 13'6"; cpl. 50; a. 4 pivots, 2 broadside guns)

CSS Texas twin-screw, ironclad ram built at Richmond, Va., for the Confederacy-was launched in January 1865. At the time of Lee's evacuation of Richmond on 3 April 1865, she was left unfinished but intact in an outfitting berth at the Richmond Navy Yard-one of only two vessels which escaped destruction by the departing Confederate forces. Captured when the city fell the following day, the ironclad, sister ship of CSS Columbia, was taken into the United States Navy, but saw no service. Texas was laid up at Norfolk until 15 October 1867 when she was sold at Norfolk to J.N. Leonard.