From: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
A county in New York State.
dr. 16' s. 17 k. cpl. 320 a. 1 x 5''
Cortland (APA-75) was launched 18 October 1944 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Wilmington, Calif., under a Maritime Commission contract; sponsored by Mrs. D. O'Melveny; acquired by the Navy 31 December 1944; and commissioned 1 January 1945, Commander F. C. B. Jordan in command.
While Cortland was being outfitted at San Pedro on 5 January 1945, her watch apprehended beneath the pier a prowler who upon investigation proved to be a German spy. His avowed mission was to damage the ship with explosives which he had dropped overboard when caught. Cortland completed her outfit and shakedown uneventfully and sailed to Seattle to embark Army troops , clearing 1 March for training operations in the Hawaiian Islands. She returned to San Francisco 4 June for repairs, then embarked Army troops at Seattle and sailed 24 June for Okinawa where she disembarked her passengers and cargo 12 August.
She put out from Okinawa 26 September 1945 to land Marines at Tientsin for the reoccupation of northern China, then sailed by way of Manila to lift Chinese troops from Hong Kong to Chinwangtao and Tsingtao for the reoccupation of Manchuria, in two voyages between 25 October and 25 November. Arriving at Sasebo 30 November, Cortland embarked homeward-bound troops and sailed 7 December for San Diego, arriving 23 December for overall.
Cortland carried carried Marines from the Hawaiians to San Diego between 19 January 1946 and 4 February, then sailed from San Pedro 24 February to operate under JTF-1 in Operation "Crossroads", the atomic weapons tests in the Marshalls. Returning to San Francisco 13 September, she remained there until 5 November when she sailed for New York and Norfolk, where she arrived 5 December. Cortland was decommissioned 30 December 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal 31 March 1948.